The Timeliness of Baby’s Basic Immunization in Pandemic Based on Mother's Knowledge about Covid-19

Dewi Taurisiawati Rahayu
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Abstract


The Covid-19 pandemic situation has an impact on the implementation of health services which cause delays in immunization services in health facilities. National   data showed a decrease in the basic immunization from 55,2% in 2018 to 53,07% in 2019.  Meanwhile, East Java basic immunization was from 67,02% in 2018 to 61,33% in 2019. The data obtained in Blitar districts showed the number of immunization was BCG of 99,27%, Polio of 95,57%, measles and MMR of 80,04% and hepatitis B of 98,04%. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between mother's knowledge about Covid-19 and the timeliness of basic immunization in infants in Tulungrejo Village, Gandusari District, Blitar Regency. The study used analytical observational method with cross sectional study approach. The independent variable was (mother's knowledge about Covid-19) and the dependent variable was the timeliness of basic infant immunization. The study was conducted on 28th August to 20thOctober 2020. in Tulungrejo Village, Gandusari District, Blitar Regency. Population of 87 mothers who have babies. The sample was 71 respondents taken by simple random sampling technique. The instrument used a questionnaire. The data analysis used the chi square test with a value of α 0.05. Results : The results showed that out of 71 respondents, there were 63 (88.7%) categories of good knowledge, the timeliness of the right immunization was 62 (87.3%). Meanwhile, 8 (11.3%) respondents with sufficient knowledge and 9 (12.7%) had inappropriate immunization accuracy. While the chi square statistical test obtained p value = 0.001 (α <0.05), and with closeness value og 0.371 or low category.It can be concluded that there was a correlation between the mother's knowledge of Covid-19 and the timeliness of basic immunization in infants in Tulungrejo Village, Gandusari District, Blitar Regency.


Keywords


Knowledge, Covid-19, Immunization, Baby, Timeliness

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DOI: 10.26699/jnk.v8i2.ART.p234-241


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