Factors Affecting Nonmarital Pregnancy in Teenagers at Soe City Public Health Center Work Area, Soe City Sud-District, South Mid-East Regency

Dwi Ertiana, Medrina Sofia Nakamnanu
Abstract views : 87 | PDF views : 20


Teen pregnancy is an international phenomenon that has not been resolved until now. Free sex behavior is an effect of out of wedlock pregnancy. The purpose of this research is what factors that affect out of wedlock nonmarital pregnancy on the teenager in the working area of Soe city public health center, South Central Timor regency. This research used descriptive quantitative research design, factors that affect out of wedlock pregnancy on teenager as a variable and 127 total population and simple random sampling used as a technique with 55 respondents. This research was conducted on 29-11 June 2019, in the work area of Soe city public health center, South Central Timor Regency. Research instrument used a questionnaire and data analysis used distribution of frequency percentage. The results showed that, 32 respondent (59%) were lack of knowledge, 35 respondent (64%) were influencing promiscuity, 31 respondents (57%) were more permissive to peer group norms, 35 respondents (64%) were parenting support while 21 respondent (38%) were technology and social media affect. This indicated that the most influential factor out of wedlock nonmarital pregnancy on teenager were individual factor that the teenager were lack of knowledge about reproductive health and sexuality, behavior factor that the teenager influenced by promiscuity, and environmental factor that parenting issue.


Out of wedlock pregnancy, teenager, free sexs

Full Text:



Amalia, E. H., & Azinar, M. (2017). Unwanted Pregnancy in Adolescents. HIGEIA Journal Of Public Health Research And Development. 1 (1): 1- 7. Retrieved from https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/higeia/article/view/13999. Retrieved February 10, 2019.

Ameyaw EK. (2018). Prevalence and correlates of unintended pregnancy in Ghana: Analysis of 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Journal of Maternal Health, Neonatology, and Perinatology, 4:17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40748-018-0085-1.

Arifin. (2011). Research on Juvenile Delinquency. Retrieved from http://www.perkuliahan.com. Accessed on February 10, 2019.

Azinar M and Fibriana AI. (2018). Youth Center Model of Increasing Knowledge and Attitudes of Youth in High-Risk Pregnancy Areas. HIGEIA Journal Of Public Health Research And Development. 2 (4). 663-672. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294 /higeia.v2i4.26801

Aziza and Amperaningsing. (2014). Determinants of Pregnancy in Adolescents in the Work Area of the Public Health Center Natar, South Lampung Regency. Journal of Nursing, 10 (1); 143-153. Retrieved from https://ejurnal.poltekkes-tjk.ac.id/index.php/JKEP/article/view/331. Accessed on 12 February 2019.

Banepa A, Meo MLN, Gatum AM. (2017). Description of Factors Affecting Pregnancy Ages 14-19 Years Old in Bakunase Village, Bakunase Public Health Center, Kupang City. CHMK Nursing Scientific Journal. 1 (2); 1-17. Retrieved from: http://cyber-chmk.net/ojs/index.php/ners/article/download/154/35. Retrieved February 10, 2019.

BKKBN and UBAYA. (2013). Factors Affecting Women to Give Birth at the Age of 15-19 Years, Collaboration of the National Population and Family Board Deputy for Training and Development of the Research and Development Center for Family Planning and Prosperous Families with the Faculty of Psychology, University of Surabaya. Retrieved from http://repository.ubaya.ac.id/21415/. Retrieved February 10, 2019.

BKKBN. (2011). Indonesian Population Census. Retrieved from http: //.BKKBN.co.id. Accessed February 12, 2019

BKKBN. (2017). Achievement of Adolescent Reproductive Health Knowledge Index. Retrieved from http://www.BKKBN.co.id. Accessed on February 12, 2019

Breuner CC, Mattson G, Child CoPAo, Health F. (2016). Sexuality education for children and adolescents. Journal Pediatrics.;138(2):e20161348. PMID: 27432844. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-1348

Cindrya E. (2019). Knowledge of Teenage Pregnancy in Parents of Early Childhood in Muara Burnai II Village, Oki District, South Sumatra. Raudhatul Athfal Journal (Journal of early childhood education). 3 (1); 66-82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.19109/ra.v3i1.3381.

Glynn JR, Sunny BS, DeStavola B, Dube A, Chihana M, Price AJ, Crampin AC. (2018). Early school failure predicts teenage pregnancy and marriage: A large population based cohort study in northern Malawi. Journal Plos One, 13 (5): e0196041. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196041

Iswarti and Utami I. (2017). Factors Affecting the Incidence of Unwanted Pregnancy in Adolescents. Journal of Health Studies, 1 (2). 168-177. Retrieved from https://ejournal.unisayogya.ac.id/ejournal/index.php/JHeS/article/view/336. Retrieved February 10, 2019.

Kassa GM, Arowojolu, Odukogbe AA, Yalew AW. (2018). Prevalence and determinants of adolescent pregnancy in Africa: a systematic review and Meta-analysis. J. Reproductive Health. 15: 195. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-018-0640-2.

Kusmiran, E. (2011). Reproductive Health for Adolescents and Women. Salemba Medika: Jakarta.

Masni H. (2017). The Role of Parents' Democratic Parenting in Developing Self Potential and Student Creativity. Retrieved from https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/225649-peran-pola-asuh-demokratis-orangapas-terh-ae219586.pdf. Accessed on February 8, 2019

Mori AT, Kampata L, Musonda P, Johansson KA, Robberstad B, Sandoy I. (2017). Cost-benefit and extended cost-effectiveness analysis of a comprehensive adolescent pregnancy prevention program in Zambia: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal Trial, 18: 604. DOI 10.1186 / s13063-017-2350-4

Nove A, Matthews Z, Neal S, Camacho AV. (2014). Maternal mortality in adolescents compared with women of other ages: evidence from 144 countries. Lancet Glob Health. 2014; 2 (3): e155 – e64doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(13)70179-7.

Puspitasari, D. (2016). The Role of Parents towards Adolescents in Prevention of Premarital Pregnancy in RW 01 and 02, Dukuh Kleco, Sawoo District, Ponorogo Regency. Retrieved from http://eprints.umpo.ac.id/2249/2.pdf. Accessed on 10 February 2019

Sari D. (2016). Factors Associated with Pregnancy at Adolescent Age at Ciputat Health Center, South Tangerang City, 2014. Journal of Arkesma, 1 (1); 4-17. Retrieved from: https://journal.uhamka.ac.id/index.php/arkesmas/article/view/85. Retrieved February 10, 2019.

WHO. (2014). Adolescent pregnancy: Fact sheet No 364. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrivied From: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/adolescent-pregnancy. Retrieved February 10, 2019.

World Health Organization. (2013). "World Population Day, namely" Teenage Pregnancy ". Retrieved from: http://google.com. Accessed on February 10, 2019.

Wydiastuti, Yani ET AL. (2009). Reproduction health. Fitramaya: Yogyakarta

DOI: 10.26699/jnk.v7i3.ART.p346-353


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan (Journal of Ners and Midwifery)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Ners and Midwifery p-ISSN: 2355-052X. e-ISSN: 2548-3811 is published by STIKes Patria Husada Blitar.

Indexed On :