Peran Keluarga dalam Program Indonesia Sehat dengan Pendekatan Keluarga (PIS-PK) melalui Pelaksanaan Program Keluarga Berencana (KB)

Titik Sumiatin, Wahyu Tri Ningsih
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Abstract


Program Indonesia Sehat yang diluncurkan Kementerian Kesehatan tahun 2016, disebabkan oleh masih belum tercapainya misi “Indonesia Sehat”sesuai target yang telahditetapkan. Berbagai masalah kesehatan yang belumtercapai salah satunya adalah Pencapaian Program Keluarga Berencana.Tujuan penelitan ini adalah mengetahui bagaimana peran keluarga dalam Program Indonesia sehat dengan pendekatan keluarga (PIS-PK) dalam Program Keluarga Berencana. Desain penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Diskriptif dengan pendekatan Cross Sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh keluarga di wilayah Puskesmas Sumurgung Kecamatan Palang Kabupaten Tuban, yaitu sebanyak 9570 keluarga, dengan tehnik pengambilan sampel secara Cluster diperoleh sampel sebanyak 384 keluarga.Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner, yang diambil dari materi lembar balik dari Program Indonesia Sehat dengan Pendekatan Keluarga (PIS-PK) dari Kementerian Kesehatan. Data yang terkumpul dianalisa dengan prosentase dan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan Peran keluarga dalam mengikuti Program Keluarga Berencana, mengacu dari pelaksanaan 5 tugas keluarga yaitu Mayoritas keluarga (99,22%) Mengenal tentang Keluarga Berencana, Lebih dari separoh keluarga (68, 23 %)  mampu mengambil Keputusan untuk melakukan Keluarga Berencana, Lebih dari separoh keluarga (51,82%)  mengikuti program Keluarga Berencana, Lebih dari separoh keluarga (56,25%)  mampu memodifikasi Lingkungan bagi keluarga yang mengikuti Kb, dan Mayoritas keluarga (99,22%)  mampu memanfaatkan fasilitas kesehatan terdekat untuk ikut program keluarga Berencana. Untuk tetap meningkatkan peran keluarga yang belum optimal kerjasama petugas kesehatan/pelayanan kesehatan terdekat, kader kesehatan dan keluarga sangat dibutuhkan, agar program ini tetap bisa berjalan secara berkesinambungan, dan mencapai hasil yang diharapkan.

 

The Healthy Indonesia Program launched by the Ministry of Health in 2016 was the consequence of the "Healthy Indonesia" mission which was not achieved the targets set. One of achievement which was not achieved the target set was the Birth Control Program. The purpose of this study was to find out the way how to improve the role of families in the healthy Indonesia Program with the family approach (PIS-PK) in the Birth Control Program. The study used descriptive with Cross Sectional approach. The population in this study was the whole family in the area of the Puskesmas in Sumurgung District in Palang District in Tuban,  as many as 9570 families. The sample was 384 families taken by cluster sampling technique. The data was collected by questionnaire, taken from the flipchart material from the Healthy Indonesia Program with the Family Approach (PIS-PK) from the Ministry of Health. The collected data was analyzed with a percentage and presented in tabular form. The results of the study showed that family behavior follows the Birth Control Program, referring to the implementation of 5 family tasks. The majority of families (99.22%) were familiar with birth control program, more than half of families (68, 23%) are able to make decisions to do birth control program, more than half of families (51.82%) follow the family birth control program, more than half of families (56.25%) were able to modify the environment for families following the Kb, and the majority of families (99.22%) were able to utilize the nearest health facility to participate in the birth control program. In order to increase the role of the family that was not optimal the cooperation of health workers / closest health services, health cadres and families are needed, so that this program can continue to run continuously, and achieve the expected results.


Keywords


Program Indonesia Sehat, PIS-PK, Peran Keluarga

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References


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DOI: 10.26699/jnk.v7i2.ART.p170-176


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