Pengaruh Terapi Okupasi terhadap Kemampuan Sosial pada Klien Skizofrenia dengan Isolasi Sosial

Rendra Sukmana, Nawang Wulandari
Abstract views : 494 | PDF views : 608

Abstract


Occupational therapy is a healing effort against someone who is experiencing mental and physical disorders by giving liveliness job. The purpose of the study to determine the effect of Occupational Therapy on social skills in schizophrenia with social isolation, using Quasy Control Group Pre-test Posttest Design. Sampel used in this experiments were 10 respondents that are divided into 2 groups: treatment and control. The treatment group was given occupational therapy 2 times a week for 3 weeks. Observations by 12 questions was conducted to determine the level of social skills of respondents. The results of this study showed no increase on the level of social skills before and after given granted Occupational Therapy. The level of social capability of 5 respondents in the treatment group before given an Occupational Therapy were 7 and while after given an occupational therapy were 10.2. This result have contrast to the control group which showed level of social capability were 7 . Statistic Analized using Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test showed significant is 0.0205 in the group between pre and post treatment, while the treatment and control group comparisons with Mann Whitney U test showed 0.029 ≤ 0.05. With these results Occupational Therapy can improve social skills clients with social isolation.


Keywords


Social Skills, Social Isolation, Occupational Therapy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arikunto, S. (2002). Presedur Penelitian suatu pendekatan Edisi Revisi Keempat. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Budi Anna Keliat (1998). Asuhan Klien Gangguan Hubungan Sosial: Menarik Diri. FIKUI Boony Danuatmaja (2003). Terapi anak Autis. Jakarta: Puspa Swara.

Carpenito. L.J (2001). Buku Saku Diagnosa Keperawatan Jiwa. Jakarta: EGC

Hawari, Dadang ( 1998). Pendekatan Holistik Pada Gangguan jiwa. FKUI

Davies dan Craig. ( 2009 ). Kesehatan Mental Jakarta: EGC.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. ( 2003). Standar Kompetensi Mata Pelajaran Kerajinan Tangan dan Kesenian. Jakarta : Depdiknas

Hidayat Aziz Alimul (2007). Metode Penelitian Keperawatan dan Teknik Analisa Data. Jakarta: Salemba.

Jeffrey S. Nevid, Spencer A. Rathus, Beverly Greene. (2005). Psikologi Abnormal. Edisi kelima. Surabaya: Airlangga.

Maramis. W.F. (1998). Catatan Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa. Surabaya: Airlangga University.

Nursalam. (2003). Konsep Dan Penerapan Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan: pedoman Skripsi, Tesis dan instrument Penelitian keperawatan. Jakarta: Salemba Medika

Notoatmodjo, S. (2005). Metode Penelitian Kesehatan. (Edisi Revisi Ketiga). Jakarta : Rineka Cipta

Stuart dan Sundeen. (1998). Keperawatan Jiawa. Jakarta: EGC.

Stuat, Gail W. (2006). Buku Saku Keperawatan Jiwa. Jakarta: EGC.

Stuart, G.W.dan Laraia, M (1998). Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing. St. Louis: Mosby Year Book.

Willand dan Spackman (2008). Occupational Therapy is art and science: Lippincott Qilliams & Wilkins.

Zakiyah Daradjat. (2001). Kesehatan Mental. Jakarta: Gunung agung.




DOI: 10.26699/jnk.v1i2.ART.p081-086


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan (Journal of Ners and Midwifery)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Ners and Midwifery p-ISSN: 2355-052X. e-ISSN: 2548-3811 is published by STIKes Patria Husada Blitar.

Indexed On :