Knowledge about The Dangers of Smoking and Smoking Behavior of Students in Septembro Unamet 4th High school Dili, Timor Leste


  • Maximiano Oqui National Timor Lorosa’e University
  • Ning Arti Wulandari STIKes Patria Husada Blitar
  • Tonílio de Fátima dos Santos National Timor Lorosa’e University
  • Ana do Rosário de Jesus Leite National Timor Lorosa’e University



knowledge, behavior, smoking


Most adults who are dependent on nicotine start smoking in their teens. Timor-Leste is the country with the highest smoking rate in the world. Every year, more than 700 people in Timor-Leste are killed by tobacco-related diseases. Tobacco-related diseases are the fourth leading cause of death.  assessment to find out knowledge about the dangers of smoking and smoking behavior. This research design uses Crosssectional in high school with sample 122 student. Data collection was carried out by Quetionare. In this research the researchers conducted an assessment of knowledge about the dangers of smoking and smoking behavior. This study said out of 122 respondents, it was found that 59.8% had poor knowledge, 27.0% had normal knowledge and 13.1% and out of 122 respondents, 86.6% smoked and 48.3% of them had poor knowledge. The results of statistical tests showed that there was a relationship between knowledge about the dangers of smoking and smoking behavior in high school students. Solution to overcome the problem of knowledge about the dangers of smoking and smoking behavior is the provision of health education about the impact of smoking using methods that are attractive to high school students and carried out consistently.

Author Biographies

Maximiano Oqui, National Timor Lorosa’e University

Nursing Department

Ning Arti Wulandari, STIKes Patria Husada Blitar

Nursing Department

Tonílio de Fátima dos Santos, National Timor Lorosa’e University

Nursing Department

Ana do Rosário de Jesus Leite, National Timor Lorosa’e University

Nursing Department


ACT-TL, A. C. T. T. leste. (2021). Higher Tobacco Taxes For A healthier Timor Leste Policy to Actions 2021. Ministerio Da Saude. Tax Policy Paper July 2021.pdf

Ali, M., Azin, A., S, M., Theamour, A., Chalak H, M., & D, S. (2020). Factors associated with knowledge, attitudes and practices of hookah smoking cessation among southern Iranian women during the Covid19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study. Journal Of Subtance Us, 27(4).

Ameraah, M. N. Q., Micheal, K. B., Mustapha, I., & Mohammed, K. A.-H. (2021). Socioeconomic Determinants of Smoking in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Enviromental Recearch and Public Health, 12(11).

Brooke L, B., Melodi, D., & Pallav, P. (2017). College anti-smoking policies and student smoking behavior: a review of the literature. Tobacco Indusced Disease, 15(11).

Fauzi, M. R. A. (2020). The Smoking Students: Phenomenology study of female smokers in thecampus. Jurnal Sosiologi Dialektika, 15(1).

Ferry, E., Fitriana, N. A., Eka, M., Linlin, L., & Sonya, R. (2019). Determinants of smoking behavior among young males in rural Indonesia. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 33(5).

Ismayatun, J., & Mustaqim, M. (2022). PENGETAHUAN BAHAYA MEROKOK BAGI KESEHATAN PADA REMAJA USIA 15-20 TAHUN DI TANGERANG SELATAN. Journal of Public Health Innovation, 2(2).


Lung, W. F., & yong, K. C. (2022). Faktor sosiodemografi dan gaya hidup memainkan peran penting dalam menentukan penggunaan tembakau. Journal of Substance of Us, 27(4).

Maretalinia, M., Elvy, J., Suyitno, S., Aris, Y., & Dyah, S. (2021). Association of Smoking Related to Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) with Tobacco Use in Community Health Center Working Area of Sungai Durian, Sintang Regency, West Kalimantan Province. Bulentin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan, 24(1).

Mochamad, I. N., Yuyun, U., Miftahcul, J., Agung, T. S., & Didin, N. H. (2019). Knowledge, attitude and practice of cigarette smoking among senior secondary school students in Depok, Indonesia. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 33(2).

Muhammad, R., M, T. R., & M, S. (2013). Smoking Behavior at Junior High School. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional, 7(11).

Notoatmodjo. (2014). Ilmu Perikau kesehatan. rineka cipta.

Nur, F. (2021). Hubungan antara pengetahuan tentang dampak merokok dengan perilaku merokok di desa Sidapura. Politehnik Harapan Bersama Kota Tegal.

Rabeya, S. (2021). Factors associated with knowledge about the health effects of exposure to secondhand smoke among youth in Bangladesh. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health, 8(7).

Sarah, M. D., & Christhoper, W. (2022). Beliefs About the Health Effects of Smoking Among Adults in the United States. SAGE Journals, 49(3).

Titik, S., Wahyu, T. ningsih, Su’udi, S., & Bustomi, R. abi Y. A. B. (2022). Determinants of Smoking Behavior in Adolescents. Jurnal Ners Dan Kebidanan (Journal of Ners and Midwifery), 9(1).

Yunus, E., & Eveline, M. (2019). FENOMENA MEROKOK PADA ANAK USIA REMAJA: STUDI KUALITATIF. Kablat Journal Of Nursing, 1(1).