The Correlation of Anxiety and Behavior of Preventing the Transmission of the Covid-19 Virus in Pregnant Women
Keywords:anxiety, behavior, pregnant women, covid-19 pandemic
Indonesia is being the COVID-19 pandemic, where the number of patient deaths has increased. Some reports mention side effects on the fetus in the form of preterm delivery, fetal distress but there is no evidence that COVID-19 infection can pass the transplacental route to the baby. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between the level of anxiety and the behavior of preventing transmission of the Covid-19 virus in pregnant women at the Jaya Kusuma Husada Clinic, Kepanjen Malang. This study used descriptive-analytic research with a cross-sectional study design. The population was pregnant women at the Jaya Kusuma Husada Clinic, Kepanjen on January 2021 with a sample of pregnant women using purposive sampling technique with a total of 53 pregnant women as respondents. The independent variable in this study was anxiety. The dependent variable in this study was the behavior of preventing the transmission of the Covid-19 virus. Data collection techniques using a questionnaire. The results of the Spearman Rank statistical test obtained a p-value of 0.090 (sig< 0.050), which meant that there was a negative correlation between the level of anxiety and the health behavior of pregnant women in the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused increased anxiety among pregnant women. Anxiety about the risk of contracting COVID-19 encourages pregnant women to take steps to prevent transmission of COVID-19. Pregnant women and the public are expected to follow health protocols to prevent the transmission of COVID-19 for themselves, their families and the surrounding community.
Corbett, G. A., Milne, S. J., Hehir, M. P., Lindow, S. W., & Oâ€™connell, M. P. (2020). Health AnxÄ±ety and BehavÄ±oural Changes of Pregnant Women DurÄ±ng the CovÄ±d -19 PandemÄ±c. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 249(January), 96â€“97.
Dashraath, P., Jing Lin Jeslyn Wong;, Mei Xian Karen Lim;, Li Min Lim;, Sarah Li;, Arijit Biswas;, Mahesh Choolani;, Citra Mattar;, & Lin Lin Su. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and pregnancy. The American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 222(6), 521â€“531. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2020.03.021
DurankuÅŸ, F., & Aksu, E. (2020). Effects Of The COVID-19 Pandemic On Anxiety And Depressive Symptoms In Pregnant Women: A Preliminary Study. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 0(0), 1â€“7.
Kajdy, A., Feduniw, S., Ajdacka, U., Modzelewski, J., Baranowska, B., Sys, D., Pokropek, A., Pawlicka, P., KaÅºmierczak, M., Rabijewski, M., Jasiak, H., Lewandowska, R., Borowski, D., Kwiatkowski, S., & Poon, L. C. (2020). Risk Factors For Anxiety And Depression Among Pregnant Women During The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Web-Based Cross-Sectional Survey. Medicine, 99(30), 1â€“7.
Marshel, Sultan, (2020). Hubungan Kecemasan Kesehatan Dan Perilaku Kesehatanpada Dewasa Muda Ditengah Pandemi COVID-19 Di Jakarta. Repository Universitas Negeri Jakarta http://repository.unj.ac.id/id/eprint/11096
Nasution,N.H., Hidayah, A., Diningsih, A., Lubis, E.A., Daulay, A.S., Hasibuan, A.J., Ainun, N., Nasution, S. 2021. Persepsi Sosial Masyarakat Tentang Cov1d-19
Dl Kota Padangsidimpuan. Jurnal Kesehatan Ilmiah Indonesia. https://jurnal.unar.ac.id/index.php/health/article/download/584/440/
Septiasari, R.M., Viandika, N., (2021). The Correlation Between Covid-19 Knowledge And Anxiety Of Pregnant Women During Covid-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan. https://ojshafshawaty.ac.id/index.php/jikes/article/view/197
Suryaatmaja, D.J.C., Wulandari, I.S.M. (2020). Hubungan Tingkat Kecemasan Terhadap Sikap Remaja Akibat Pandemik Covid-19. Malahayati Nursing Journal. http://ejurnalmalahayati.ac.id/index.php/manuju/article/view/3131
Viandika, N., Septiasari, R.M., (2021). Anxiety In Pregnant Women During Pandemic Covid-19. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa (JKJ): Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia https://jurnal.unimus.ac.id/index.php/JKJ/article/view/6907
Zang, L., Wang, M., Wang, Y., Zhu, J., Zhang, N., (2020). Focus On A 2019-Novel Coronavirus (SARS-Cov-2). Future Microbiol. 2020 May : 10.2217/fmb-2020-0063