Level of Anxiety and Community Behavior in Preventing the Covid-19 Pandemic in East Java


  • Eka Nur So’emah STIKes Bina Sehat PPNI Mojokerto
  • Emyk Windartik STIKes Bina Sehat PPNI Mojokerto
  • Ima Rahmawati STIKes Bina Sehat PPNI Mojokerto




Anxiety, Behavior, Covid-19


Corona virus-19 (COVID) has been declared a global pandemic. The increase in cases of covid-19 can be prevented by disease prevention behavior in accordance with the protocol that has been established by the government. However, there are still many people who heed the protocol. This condition has an impact on people's anxiety, coupled with the presence of information that continues to be rolled out on social media and mass media about the development of covid-19. Anxiety is increasing with the stigma of the community about covid-19 patients. The purpose of this study was to analyze the level of anxiety and behavior of the community in preventing COVID-19 disease in East Java. The design of the study was descriptive survey. The sample in this study was people in East Java with the sampling techniques by accidental sampling techniques. The data collection used questionnaires using GAD-7. scale and behavior questionnaire according to DIRJEN control and prevention of covid-19 March 2020. The analysis of descriptive statistical test data that was percentile / percentage. The results showed that most people in East Java experience minimal anxiety and positive behavior. Minimal anxiety occured because most respondents are highly educated and already know about Covid-19, this will help solve psychological problems including anxiety. The efforts of health workers are also very much needed to always assist the community in adhering to health protocols by providing sustainable health education.

Author Biographies

Eka Nur So’emah, STIKes Bina Sehat PPNI Mojokerto

Nursing Department

Emyk Windartik, STIKes Bina Sehat PPNI Mojokerto

Nursing Department

Ima Rahmawati, STIKes Bina Sehat PPNI Mojokerto

Nursing Department


Bnpb, K., Adisasmito, W., Guru, P. D., Fkm, B., & Indonesia, U. (2020). Gugus tugas percepatan penanganan covid-19 1, 1–39.

Dinas Komunikasi Dan Informatika. (2020). Kabupaten Mojokerto Tanggap Covid-19. Retrieved from https://covid19.mojokertokab.go.id/

Firmansyah, M. (2020). Ancaman Psikologis Dan Imbas Cemas Akibat Covid-19. Retrieved from https://www.alinea.id/gaya-hidup/ancaman-psikologis-dan-imbas-cemas-akibat-covid-19-b1ZLh9sWk

Huang, Y., & Zhao, N. (2020). Generalized anxiety disorder , depressive symptoms and sleep quality during COVID-19 outbreak in China : a web-based cross-sectional survey. Psychiatry Study, 288(March), 112954. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112954

Indonesia, D. I. (2020). COVID-19 COVID-19.

Kemenkes RI. (2020). Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Coronavirus Desiase (Covid-19), 0–115. Retrieved from https://www.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/info-terkini/COVID-19 dokumen resmi/2 Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19).pdf

kompas. (2020). Tingkat Kecemasan akibat Wabah Virus Corona Meningkat - Kompas. Retrieved from https://amp.kompas.com/lifestyle/read/2020/03/26/112749520/tingkat-kecemasan-akibat-wabah-virus-corona-meningkat

Lee, S. A., & Lee, S. A. (2020). Coronavirus Anxiety Scale : A brief mental health screener for COVID-19 related anxiety Coronavirus Anxiety Scale : A brief mental health screener for COVID-19 related anxiety. Death Studies, 44(7), 393–401. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2020.1748481

Pranita, E. (2020). Serba-serbi Corona, Ini Persepsi dan Pengetahuan Masyarakat Indonesia. Kompas.com. Retrieved from https://today.line.me/id/pc/article/Serba+serbi+Corona+Ini+Persepsi+dan+Pengetahuan+Masyarakat+Indonesia-2lYMve

Purnamasari, I., & Raharyani, A. E. (2020). Tingkat pengetahuan dan perilaku masyarakat Kabupaten Wonosobo tentang covid-19. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, (Mei), 33–42.

Salari, N., Hosseinian-far, A., Jalali, R., Vaisi-raygani, A., & Rasoulpoor, S. (2020). Prevalence of stress , anxiety , depression among the general population during the COVID-19 pandemic : a systematic review and meta-analysis, 1–11.

Van Bogaert, P., Peremans, L., Diltour, N., Van heusden, D., Dilles, T., Van Rompaey, B., & Havens, D. S. (2016). Staff Nurses’ Perceptions and Experiences about Structural Empowerment: A Qualitative Phenomenological Study. PLoS ONE, 11(4), 1–14. Retrieved from

widya putri, aditya. (2020). Ancaman Gangguan Mental di Tengah Wabah COVID-19 - Tirto. Retrieved from https://tirto.id/ancaman-gangguan-mental-di-tengah-wabah-covid-19-eJvi

Zhong, Q., Gelaye, B., Zaslavsky, A. M., Fann, J. R., & Rondon, M. B. (2015). Diagnostic Validity of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder - 7 ( GAD-7 ) among Pregnant Women. PLoS ONE, 7, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0125096