Effect of Topical Aromatherapy Turmeric Oil to Pruritus Scale on Chronic Kidney Disease Patients


  • Rysida Ma’rifaul Khoirot Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga Surabaya
  • Kusnanto Kusnanto Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga Surabaya
  • Suprajitno Suprajitno Prodi Keperawatan, Poltekkes Kemenkes Malang https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8529-8720




Uremic Pruritus, Aromatherapy, Turmeric Oil, Chronic Kidney Disease, Hemodialysis


Introduction : A large number of patients with chronic kidney disease suffer from uremic pruritus, which adversely affects the quality of life and comfort of patients with a potential psychological, functional and social impact, which results in increased morbidity. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the administration of turmeric essential oil aromatherapy which was applied topically pruritus, comfort and quality of life of CKD patients.
Methods : This study used a quasi-experimental design with 2 groups (intervention and control), conducted in CKD patients receiving hemodialysis therapy. A total sample of 72 respondents with the division of each group of 36 people. The intervention was carried out independently by the patient for 2 weeks. Measurement using 5-D pruritus scale questionnaire.
Results : This study showed a decrease in pruritus scale in 51 respondents (70.8%) after 2 weeks of therapy. Independent t statistical test obtained a significance value of 0.046 (p <0.05).
Conclusion: Topical aromatherapy of turmeric oil affects pruritus scale on patients with chronic kidney disease who experience uremic pruritus.


Kimata N, Fuller DS, Saito A, Akizawa T, Fukuhara S, Pisoni RL, et al. Pruritus in hemodialysis patients : Results from the Japanese Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (JDOPPS). Hemodial Int. 2014;(since 2011):657–67.

Mettang T, Dunst R, Stülten C, Kuhlmann U, Braun N, Kimmel M, et al. The role of micro-inflammation in the pathogenesis of uraemic pruritus in haemodialysis patients. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2005;21(3):749–55.

Pakfetrat M, Basiri F, Malekmakan L, Roozbeh J. Effects of turmeric on uremic pruritus in end stage renal disease patients: A double-blind randomized clinical trial. J Nephrol. 2014;27(2):203–7.

Mettang T, Kremer AE. Uremic pruritus. Kidney Int [Internet]. 2015;87(4):685–91. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ki.2013.454

Curcani M, Tan M. The Effect of Aromatherapy on Haemodialysis Patients’ Pruritus. J Clin Epidemiol. 2014;23:3356–65.

Abdelghfar SZ, Elsebae HA, Elhadry SM, Hassan AA. Effect of Aromatherapy on Uremic Pruritus among Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis. IOSR J Nurs a nd Heal Sci. 2017;6(2):22–30.

Afrasiabifar A, Mehri Z, Hosseini N. Efficacy of Topical Application of Sweet Almond Oil on Reducing Uremic Pruritus in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial Study. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2016;19(2).

Shirazian S, Aina O, Park Y, Chowdhury N, Leger K, Hou L, et al. Chronic kidney disease-associated pruritus: Impact on quality of life and current management challenges. Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis. 2017;10:11–26.