Pengaruh Durasi Terdiagnosa Kanker terhadap Sub Skala Primer Strategi Koping Pasien Kanker

Yesiana Dwi Wahyu Werdani
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Abstract


Diagnosa penyakit kanker dipersepsikan oleh sebagian besar orang sebagai penyakit yang berbahaya dan mematikan. Respon penolakan, cemas, depresi dan ketakutan menjadi dominan, sehingga memengaruhi individu dalam menentukan strategi koping untuk mengatasi masalah pasca terdiagnosa kanker. Tujuan penelitian membuktikan adanya pengaruh durasi terdiagnosa kanker terhadap sub skala primer strategi koping pasien kanker. Desain yang digunakan cross sectional. Populasinya adalah pasien kanker dengan kesadaran composmentis di Yayasan Kanker Indonesia Cabang Jawa Timur yang berjumlah 32 orang, diambil dengan teknik total sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan yaitu Coping Strategies Inventory Short Form (CSI-S). Uji statistik dengan regresi ordinal dilakukan pada variabel durasi terdiagnosa kanker terhadap 8 sub skala primer dan didapatkan 6 sub skala memiliki p < 0.05 yaitu sub skala pemecahan masalah, restrukturisasi kognitif, ekspresi emosi, penghindaran masalah, pikiran angan, dan self criticsm, sedangkan sub skala kontak sosial dan isolasi sosial tidak memiliki hasil yang signifikan p > 0.05. Durasi terdiagnosa kanker < 1 tahun lebih dominan terhadap strategi koping akibat reaksi penolakan, sedangkan diagnosa kanker > 1 tahun lebih adaptif terhadap sakitnya, sehingga strategi koping yang diambilpun lebih adaptif pula. Durasi terdiagnosa kanker dapat memengaruhi respon psikologis individu yang berdampak terhadap pengambilan keputusan strategi koping terhadap masalah yang dihadapi.

Keywords


Durasi Terdiagnosa Kanker; Sub Skala Primer, Strategi Koping, Kanker

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DOI: 10.26699/jnk.v6i3.ART.p348-356


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