Senam Tai Chi dalam menurunkan Kecemasan Lansia

Khamida Khamida, Abdul Muhith, Rohmadi Yuda Diharja, Ririn Probowati
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Abstract


ABSTRACT

Aging is something that can cause health problems, both physical and mental health for the elderly. Anxiety is one of mental health experienced in the elderly. If it continues to ignored, it will have an impact to the memories or nightmares experienced by the elderly will recur, therefore the quality of the elderly's sleep will diminish. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Tai Chi Gymnastics on Elderly Anxiety.The study design used the One Group Pre-Post Test Design, the sample was elderly at the Posyandu Perintis Ngagel Rejo Surabaya.32 subject taken by Simple Random Sampling technique. The Independent Variable is Tai Chi Gymnastics, the dependent variable is Anxiety. Anxiety instruments were measured using the HRS-A questionnaire. Data were analyzed by the Wilcoxon test with significance ? = 0.05. The results of the study before being given Tai Chi Gymnastics were mostly (59.4%) respondents had mild anxiety. After being given Tai Chi Gymnastics most (59.4%) respondents were not experiencing anxiety (normal). Analysis of the Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test obtained p = 0,000 <? = 0.05, meaning that there is an effect of Tai Chi Gymnastics on decreasing anxiety. Conclusions from this study that Tai Chi exercise can reduce anxiety in the elderly. It is expected that nurses can provide Tai Chi gymnastics as a nurse's independent nursing intervention in the management of decreased anxiety.

Keywords: Anxiety, Elderly, Tai Chi Gymnastics.

ABSTRAK

Menua merupakan hal yang dapat menimbulkan masalah kesehatan baik kesehatan umum maupun kesehatan jiwa bagi lansia.Kesehatan jiwa yang dialami pada lansia yaitu salah satunya adalah kecemasan. Apabila terus menerus dibiarkan, akan berdampak yaitu ingatan atau mimpi buruk yang dialami lansia akan terulang kembali dan kualitas tidur lansia menjadi berkurang. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui Pengaruh Senam Tai Chi Terhadap Kecemasan Lansia.Desain penelitian menggunakan One Group Pre- Post Test Design, sampel adalah lansia di Posyandu Perintis Ngagel Rejo Surabaya sebesar 32 Orang yang diambil dengan teknik Simple Random Sampling. Variabel Independen adalah Senam Tai Chi, variabel dependen adalah Kecemasan.Instrumen Kecemasan diukur menggunakan kuesioner HRS-A. Data dianalisis dengan uji Wilcoxon dengan kemaknaan?= 0,05.Hasil penelitian sebelum diberikan Senam Tai Chi sebagian besar (59,4 %) responden mempunyai kecemasan ringan. Setelah diberikan Senam Tai Chi sebagian besar (59,4 %) responden tidak cemas (normal). Analisa uji Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test didapatkan p=0,000< ? =0,05, artinya ada pengaruh Senam Tai Chi terhadap penurunan kecemasan.Simpulan dari penelitian ini bahwa senam Tai Chi dapat menurunkan kecemasan pada lansia.Diharapkan perawat dapat memberikan senam Tai Chi sebagai intervensi keperawatan mandiri perawat dalam penatalaksanaan penurunan kecemasan.

Kata Kunci :Kecemasan, Lansia, Senam Tai Chi.


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DOI: 10.26699/jnk.v5i3.ART.p218-223


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