Upaya keluarga mencegah pemasungan pada orang dengan gangguan jiwa di Kota Blitar

Miftachul Ulum
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Abstract


Abstract: Physical confinement is an act of restraint, isolation, and neglect that accompanies such activities. The number of people with physical confinement in the Blitar City in 2015 reached 16 people and in 2016 reached 9 people. The family has an important role in the prevention of the physical confinement because it is one of the preventive efforts to reduce the number of the illegal physical confinement. The purpose of this study was to find out how was the family efforts in preventing illegal physical confinement to people with Mental Disorders. Method: The research method used descriptive design, with a family population having the family member with a severe mental disorder. The data collection used questionnaires with 30 sample taken using quota sampling technique. Result: the efforts to study people with mental disorders are 60% less, the family was largely unable to identify how personal hygiene was met, the procedure for taking medication and especially not able to recognize the signs and symptoms of people with mental disorders who experienced a raging attack; Family efforts in planning actions were still found to be 30% less; Family efforts in caring for people with mental disorders were 30% less; Family efforts in modifying the environment around people with mental disor- ders were 46.7% less; Family efforts in utilizing health facilities were 10% less. Public Health Care of Kepanjen Kidul is expected to awake the community through the improvement of health education activities for people with mental disorder treatment in the family without any physical confinement.

Keywords: family effort, prevention of physical confinement, people with mental disorder

Abstrak: Pasung merupakan tindakan pengekangan, pengisolasian dan penelantaran yang menyertai tindakan tersebut. Jumlah Orang Dengan Gangguan Jiwa (ODGJ) yang dipasung di kota Blitar tahun 2015 mencapai 16 orang dan tahun 2016 mencapai 9 orang. Keluarga memiliki peranan penting dalam pencegahan tindakan pasung, karena merupakan salah satu upaya preventif yang bertujuan untuk menurunkan angka pasung. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui upaya keluarga dalam pencegahan tindakan pasung pada ODGJ. Metodologi: Metode penelitian menggunakan rancangan deskriptif, dengan populasi keluarga yang mempunyai anggota keluarga mengalami gangguan jiwa berat. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner dengan sampel sebanyak 30 responden, diambil menggunakan teknik quota sampling. Hasil : Hasil penelitian Upaya dalam melakukan pengkajian terhadap ODGJ adalah 60% kurang; Upaya keluarga dalam merencanakan tindakan masih ditemukan 30% kurang; Upaya keluarga dalam merawat ODGJ 30% kurang; Upaya keluarga dalam memodifikasi lingkungan sekitar ODGJ 46,7% kurang; Upaya keluarga dalam memanfaatkan fasilitas kesehatan 10% kurang. Diskusi : UPTD Kesehatan Kecamatan Kepanjen Kidul diharapkan dapat menyadarkan masyarakat melalui peningkatan kegiatan penyuluhan kesehatan tentang perawatan ODGJ dalam keluarga tanpa pasung.

Kata kunci: upaya keluarga, pencegahan tindakan pasung, ODGJ


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References


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DOI: 10.26699/jnk.v5i2.ART.p111-116


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